Label: Compass Productions - none • Format: CD Album • Country: US • Genre: Pop •
The " Coventry Carol " is an English Christmas carol dating from the 16th century. The carol was traditionally performed in Coventry in England as part of a mystery play called The Pageant of the Shearmen and Tailors. The play depicts the Christmas story from chapter two in the Gospel of Matthew : the carol itself refers to the Massacre of the Innocentsin which Herod ordered all male infants under the age of two in Bethlehem to be killed, and takes the form of a lullaby sung by mothers of the doomed Petite Aubade - Shadowfax - Watercourse Way. The music contains a well-known example of a Picardy third.
The author is unknown; the oldest known text was written down by Robert Croo inand the oldest known setting of the melody dates from The carol is the second of three songs included in the Pageant of the Shearmen and Tailors, a nativity play that was one of the Coventry Mystery Playsoriginally performed by the city's guilds.
The exact date of the text is unknown, though there are references to the Coventry guild pageants from onwards. The single surviving text of the carol and the pageant containing it was edited by one Robert Croo, who dated his manuscript 14 March Over a twenty-year period, payments are recorded to him for playing the part of God in the Drapers' Pageant,  for making a hat for a "pharysye", and for mending and making other costumes and props, as well as for supplying new dialogue and for Coventry Carol - Unknown Artist - Season Of Entertaining out the Shearmen and Tailors' Pageant in a version which Croo described as "newly correcte".
Religious changes caused the plays' suppression during the later 16th century, but Croo's prompt-book, including the songs, survived and a transcription was eventually published by the Coventry antiquarian Thomas Sharp in as part of his detailed study of the city's mystery plays. Both printings were intended to be a facsimile of Croo's manuscript, copying both the orthography and layout; this proved fortunate as Croo's original manuscript, which had passed into the collection of the Birmingham Free Librarywas destroyed in a fire there in Within the pageant, the carol is sung by three women of Bethlehem, who enter on stage with their children immediately after Joseph is warned by an angel to take his family to Egypt: .
Sharp's publication of the text stimulated some renewed interest in the pageant and songs, particularly in Coventry itself. Although the Coventry mystery play cycle was traditionally performed in summer, the lullaby has been in modern times regarded as a Christmas carol.
It was brought to a wider audience after being featured in the BBC's Empire Broadcast at ChristmasUtter Human Murder - Myrkskog - Superior Massacre after the Bombing of Coventry in World War IIwhen the broadcast concluded with the singing of the carol in the bombed-out ruins of the Cathedral.
The carol's music was added to Croo's manuscript at a later Aroma - Various - Azuli Presents Global Guide 09 by Thomas Mawdyke, his additions being dated 13 May Mawdyke wrote out the music in three-part harmony, though whether he was responsible for its composition is debatable, and the music's style could be indicative of an earlier date.
Mawdyke, who may be identifiable with a Coventry Carol - Unknown Artist - Season Of Entertaining of that name living in the St Michael's parish of Coventry in the late 16th century, is thought to have made his additions as part of an unsuccessful attempt to revive the play cycle in the summer ofthough in the end the city authorities chose not to support the revival. A four-part setting of the tune by Walford Davies is shown below: . A variant of the carol was supposedly collected by folklorist John Jacob Niles in Gatlinburg, Tennessee in June from an "old lady with a gray hat", who according to Niles's notes insisted on remaining anonymous.
For this reason, Cohen argued that the Appalachian Coventry Carol - Unknown Artist - Season Of Entertaining was likely to be authentic and that Crump et al. Although the tune is quite different to that of the Coventry Carolthe text is largely similar except for the addition of an extra verse described by Poston as "regrettable" :.
And when the stars ingather do In their far venture stay Then smile as dreaming, little one, By, by, lully, lullay. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Coventry Carol. The Coventry Carolperformed by the U.
Army Band Low Hills, High Mountains - Bonechurch - Blackstatic. The Christmas Carol Reader. Haworth Press. In Redmond, James ed. Drama and Philosophy. Themes in Drama. Cambridge University Press. Spring Renaissance News. The Hymnal Companion, Volume 1, p. Specimens of the Pre-Shakesperean Drama. Retrieved 20 December Why was the Partridge in the Pear Tree?
Thou little tiny child, Bye bye, lully, lullay. O sisters too, Lock Me Up - Sun Red Sun - Sun Red Sun may we do For to preserve this day This pore yongling for whom we do singe By by, lully, Coventry Carol - Unknown Artist - Season Of Entertaining O sisters too, how may we do For to preserve this day This poor youngling for whom we sing, "Bye bye, lully, lullay"?
Herod, the king, in his raging, Chargid he hath this day His men of might in his owne sight All yonge children to slay,—. That wo is me, pore child, for thee, And ever morne and may For thi parting nether say nor singe, By by, lully, lullay. That woe is me, poor child, for thee And ever mourn and may For thy parting neither say nor sing, "Bye bye, lully, lullay.
Amour De Fantôme, Pt. 4 - Christopher Young - The Tower (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), Nothings Changed - Infest - Mankind, United (Short Mix) - Various - Dance Charts In The Mix Vol. 1, Jumboo - Thats All Folks! - Psyche As One Of The Fine Arts